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Getting a part of a string in JS

     

Kronos

3:09 pm on Jul 29, 2003 (gmt 0)

10+ Year Member



Hi,

I'm kind of new to JavaScript and I'm looking for a way to get, let's say, the characters from position 4 to position 9 in a string. Is there an easy way to do that? Thanks!

korkus2000

3:16 pm on Jul 29, 2003 (gmt 0)

WebmasterWorld Senior Member korkus2000 is a WebmasterWorld Top Contributor of All Time 10+ Year Member



var text1="string to process";
var whatever = text1.substring(3, 9);

Use the string object and the substring method. First number is where it starts, remember javascript starts at 0, and the second number is where it starts but does not include that character.

here is a example page that may help:

<html>
<head>
<title>Untitled</title>
<script>
function trimS(){
var text1=document.form1.textbox1.value;
var showMe = text1.substring(1, 4);
document.form1.textbox2.value=showMe;
}
</script>
</head>
<body>
<form name="form1" onSubmit="trimS(); return false">
<input type="text" name="textbox1">
<input type="submit">
<input type="text" name="textbox2">
</form>
</body>
</html>

Kronos

6:17 pm on Jul 29, 2003 (gmt 0)

10+ Year Member



It worked! I thought that I'd seen it before, but I wasn't sure. Thanks Korkus!

MonkeeSage

12:59 am on Aug 4, 2003 (gmt 0)

WebmasterWorld Senior Member 10+ Year Member



I use the substring() method almost exclusivley over substr() or slice().

Substring can be used to get from a start char to the end of the string also, by just passing it the start char, i.e.,

string.substring(4);
will get from char 4 to string.length.

The other thing I use it for alot is to snip out or replace known sections of an unparsed string, i.e.,

var a = string.substring(0, string.indexOf("example")); var b = string.substring(string.indexOf("example") + "example".length); string = a + "this used to say 'example'" + b; 

Jordan