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Three words that I feel are necessary to construct such a word with such a specific definition would be...
So if we could find the Latin words these words originate from we could construct a word that literally means, "To intentionally benefit at the loss of another."
But using illegal, unscrupulous or malicious means to deliberately cause damage or loss to competitors (or other parties, depending on the situation) is a different story.
I am trying to find a word with the definition of "unethical advantage" where one group benefits at the intentional loss of another.
to exploit ... ?
English and other European languages ultimately stem from Latin correct?
No, from Proto-Indo-European. Italic languages (inc. Latin) form one branch. Greek forms another. Teutonic languages, Slavic, Baltic, Iranian and Indic languages form still others.
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:IndoEuropeanTreeA.svg [en.wikipedia.org]
Anyone who tries to increase their market share is intentionally trying to decrease the market share of their competitors.
Presumably not if they're applying Blue Ocean Strategy [en.wikipedia.org] ?
So for example let's say in the tech world Microsoft would want Linux to forever avoid RPM installers since normal people have absolutely no desire to mess around with the Linux console. If Microsoft could convince Linux developers that everyone should use the console then it would make Linux self-destructive in being a viable competitor to Windows. I think that is a fair example.
Following up on lammert and Marcia's comments:
Business. Getting more may mean expanding the market, but most often it means beating somebody else to it - or taking it away from them. Getting them to ultimately 'willing self destruct' (QUIT) is even better, and meets the 'intentional' loss criteria. Lot's of times the best guy loses not because he couldn't have won, but because the other guy threw harder and faster punches for just long enough to do the job.
Illegal is one thing (even that can depend on who has the clout and/or deep pockets), but 'unscrupulous' and 'malicious' are also wide open for interpretation. I've been screwed enough times to have learned this very well:))
From the rephrased question I like the 'suckering' suggestion.
Perhaps 'grifting'. Really done well, the mark never even knows they've been had.
(Love the schadenfreude reference.)