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using jQuery.get and $(#idReference).append in header

help with XHTML 1.0 Strict validation

3:15 am on Nov 14, 2008 (gmt 0)

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joined:Jan 19, 2008
posts: 40
votes: 0

Hello :)

Ive recently been working on getting my site valid XHTML 1.0 Strict, and most of it is, except 2 parts, which is some javascript issues in the HTML header.

My javascript library of choice is jQuery. (just to point that out about the javascript commands lol)

heres problem #1:

Im using PHP to generate a 'where you are currently at, and how you got there' navigation based on how deep the viewer is in the site. once thats generated, i use javascript to write it out into a javascript generated area of the website. All of this javascript generating/writing is done in the <head> section. the problem is that the validator is seeing the <a></a> tags and throwing an error, even though its not actually being written in the head. how can i get this to validate?



$linkURL = 'http://www.example.com/index.php';
$linkArea = '?area='.$Area;
$linkLevel1 = '&amp;level1='.$Level1;
$linkLevel2 = '&amp;level2='.$Level2;
$linkLevel3 = '&amp;level3='.$Level3;
$linkLevel4 = '&amp;level4='.$Level4;
$navHome = '<a href="'.$linkURL.'">Home</a>';
$navArea = '<a href="'.$linkURL.$linkArea.'">'.$Area.'</a>';
$navLevel1 = '<a href="'.$linkURL.$linkArea.'&amp;sub=1'.$linkLevel1.'">'.$Level1.'</a>';
$navLevel2 = '<a href="'.$linkURL.$linkArea.'&amp;sub=2'.$linkLevel1.$linkLevel2.'">'.$Level2.'</a>';
$navLevel3 = '<a href="'.$linkURL.$linkArea.'&amp;sub=3'.$linkLevel1.$linkLevel2.$linkLevel3.'">'.$Level3.'</a>';
$navLevel4 = '<a href="'.$linkURL.$linkArea.'&amp;sub=4'.$linkLevel1.$linkLevel2.$linkLevel3.$linkLevel4.'">'.$Level4.'</a>';
$navDivider = ' >> ';
$NAVDONE = '';
if ($Sub >= '0' !isset($Sub) $Sub == '') {
$NAVDONE .= $navHome.$navDivider.$navArea;
if ($Sub >= '1') {
$NAVDONE .= $navDivider.$navLevel1;
if ($Sub >= '2') {
$NAVDONE .= $navDivider.$navLevel2;
if ($Sub >= '3') {
$NAVDONE .= $navDivider.$navLevel3;
if ($Sub >= '4') {
$NAVDONE .= $navDivider.$navLevel4;
if ($Area == 'Home' $Area == '' !isset($Area)) {
$NAVDONE = $navHome;

jQuery(document).ready(function() {
$('#facebox .navHeader').append('<?PHP echo $NAVDONE; ?>')

It complains about the <a></a> tags in the header.

problem #2:

jQuery.facebox(function($) {
jQuery.get('<?PHP echo 'example.php?area='.urlencode($_REQUEST['area']).'&sub='.urlencode($_REQUEST['sub']).'\&level1='.urlencode($_REQUEST['level1']).'\&level2='.urlencode($_REQUEST['level2']).'\&level3='.urlencode($_REQUEST['level3']).'\&level4='.urlencode($_REQUEST['level4']);?>', function(data) { jQuery.facebox(data) })

The PHP in this snippet just adds the correct variables to the url. My problem is the ampersands ("&").
I cant just use "&amp;" because Im feeding it to the browser using jQuery.get, then sending the data to another javascript generated area of the page. Help?

[edit] removed personal links

3:23 am on Nov 14, 2008 (gmt 0)

Senior Member from US 

WebmasterWorld Senior Member fotiman is a WebmasterWorld Top Contributor of All Time 10+ Year Member Top Contributors Of The Month

joined:Oct 17, 2005
votes: 26

1. You need to escape the / character. So </a> becomes <\/a>.

2. Regardless, you should still be escaping the ampersand as &amp;. jQuery should be able to take a string like "example.php?area=x&amp;sub=y". If it can't, then I would call that a pretty big jQuery bug.

Hope that helps.

3:31 am on Nov 14, 2008 (gmt 0)

New User

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joined:Jan 19, 2008
votes: 0

if i escape the / character (<\/a>) it throws error an error stating that i didnt close the tag.

[edited by: eelixduppy at 12:21 pm (utc) on Nov. 14, 2008]
[edit reason] disabled smileys [/edit]

3:35 am on Nov 14, 2008 (gmt 0)

New User

10+ Year Member

joined:Jan 19, 2008
posts: 40
votes: 0

oh, and if i use the &amp; instead of & jQuery gets the following url:

It isnt converting the &amp; to &

8:17 am on Nov 14, 2008 (gmt 0)

New User

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joined:Jan 19, 2008
posts: 40
votes: 0

meh, i solved it by using functions in an external script.

For the first, i used PHP's function 'htmlentities' to encode the html characters, then sent them to the external script, then decoded them using another javascript function, 'html_entity_decode' (check out the php.js project). after having successfully (and validly) got the url from the main page to the external script, i then launched the function i had been previously using.

for the second, i sent the specific variables via another javascript function, then put the url together in the external file, then sent it to the browser using jQuery.get();

(I really didn't want to do this, it was just more work than id hoped for. im not too big on JS, but its necessary lol)


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