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Validation

The validator doesn't like some of my anchor links

     

Adam5000

2:00 pm on Jun 4, 2014 (gmt 0)

10+ Year Member



I'm starting to validate my pages, and the validator isn't liking some of my anchor links. It mentions something about block-level and inline elements, and I'm not sure what those are. Would someone explain what block-level and inline elements are.


Below is an example.

<!doctype HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd">

<a class="e" href="../020_e_1/010_shelter.htm">
Text here
</a>

And I'm getting the error message:

The mentioned element is not allowed to appear in the context in which you've placed it; the other mentioned elements are the only ones that are both allowed there and can contain the element mentioned. This might mean that you need a containing element, or possibly that you've forgotten to close a previous element.

One possible cause for this message is that you have attempted to put a block-level element (such as "<p>" or "<table>") inside an inline element (such as "<a>", "<span>", or "<font>").

lucy24

5:29 pm on Jun 4, 2014 (gmt 0)

WebmasterWorld Senior Member lucy24 is a WebmasterWorld Top Contributor of All Time Top Contributors Of The Month



You've left out crucial information. Obviously your anchor doesn't come immediately after the DTD! So we can only assume that the anchor does, in fact, come inside some other element, as suggested by the error message.

Conversely, html4 doesn't like anchors outside block-level elements (like enclosing an entire div) though html5 is OK with it.

Many, many validation errors happen because you forgot to close one element. On a good day, hundreds or even thousands of errors can disappear in one fell swoop if you just find your lone unclosed <h4> or whatever it was.

Adam5000

9:20 pm on Jun 4, 2014 (gmt 0)

10+ Year Member



Strict doctype Lu.

<!doctype HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd">

phranque

9:34 pm on Jun 4, 2014 (gmt 0)

WebmasterWorld Administrator phranque is a WebmasterWorld Top Contributor of All Time 10+ Year Member Top Contributors Of The Month



you have attempted to put a block-level element (such as "<p>" or "<table>") inside an inline element (such as "<a>"


<a class="e" href="../020_e_1/010_shelter.htm">
Text here
</a>

does the "Text here" part contain block-level elements?

lucy24

10:29 pm on Jun 4, 2014 (gmt 0)

WebmasterWorld Senior Member lucy24 is a WebmasterWorld Top Contributor of All Time Top Contributors Of The Month



Strict doctype

The question is, what comes between the doctype and the anchor? The quoted example only says "there exists at least one anchor" * which does not get us far :(


* Vague mental association with joke about mathematician vs. physicist.

phranque

10:48 pm on Jun 4, 2014 (gmt 0)

WebmasterWorld Administrator phranque is a WebmasterWorld Top Contributor of All Time 10+ Year Member Top Contributors Of The Month



It mentions something about block-level and inline elements, and I'm not sure what those are.

sorry - i missed this.

Block-level and inline elements:
http://www.w3.org/TR/html401/struct/global.html#h-7.5.3

htmlbasictutor

3:17 pm on Jun 17, 2014 (gmt 0)

5+ Year Member



Try

<p><a class="e" href="../020_e_1/010_shelter.htm">Text here</a></p>
 

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