how to check the server logs
Well, first step is to get
your server logs. If youíre on shared hosting, paw through the documentation to find out where they live; typically they wonít be in the same directory as your site(s). If itís your own server, ask your server administrator to pull a few daysí worth.
Server logs--both access and error--are plain-text files that can be opened in any text editor. The exact format will depend on your server type and configuration, but each request will always be a separate line and youíll quickly figure out how it works.
:: detour here to see what error logs (as opposed to access logs) record for a 410, because Iíve never happened to inquire ::
:: delayed return after dealing with alarming discovery that Iíve been including the wrong footer for one file, though fortunately it was a non-lethal blunder ::
I donít know if this is the universal norm, but Apache error logs donít record 410s, possibly because it isnít technically an error. So stick with the ordinary access logs.
:: wandering off again to see if manual 404s show up in error logs (Spoiler:
They donít, again understandably) ::