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Yes. If you are approved to participate in Google AdSense and you file taxes in the US, we are required to collect your tax I.D.....If you do not file taxes in the US, you won't need to provide us with any specific tax information.
You should be able to inform them you don't file US taxes when they finally set up for requesting tax IDs. It will probably flag all US mailing addresses as requiring a US tax ID, so you may have to drop them an email at the time and explain the situation.
Having said that, it may be wise to use the contact form at the adsense site and put the question to them.
Re: payment info, I believe the name listed as the primary contact is who the check gets made out to. I say this because I noticed that if one tries to edit the primary contact info, it asks for "payee name" rather than just "name"