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But if something is ridiculous enough to be an obvious satire or parody - basically, ridiculous enough to be funny - you shouldn't have any legal problems.
Beware that no matter how obvious a satire is, and no matter how many times you tell your readers that it's not real, someone is going to take it as true. Best one I've seen was a reporter for a large international newspaper who took information from a website with "satire" in its title, thought the info was real, and put it in an article he was writing as if it were fact. I don't know if he got fired, but he was sure the butt of a lot of jokes. -- Just to say, it's gonna happen, but if you're writing above-board satire/parody, you shouldn't have any legal problems.
Perfect opportunity for one of my favorite quotes (which I've put in a couple of other posts over the last year or so) - Al Franken, after a judge threw out the Fox News lawsuit against him: "In America, parody is protected free speech, even if the subject of the parody doesn't 'get it.'" [Editorial addition: Note that in America the subject of the parody can still take you to court.]
In fact, if you write a book as a parody of, say, Gone with the Wind, you will be protected from charges of copyright infringement, where you will not be if you write a more "respectful" story that used the characters and setting....
Further research is definitely a good idea, so that you will have a sense of what you can and can't do--especially if celebrities are involved!
They could use that on FOX NEWS and it would still stand.
Stephen Colbert, in his Billy O'Reilly spoof persona, warned Fox News at the White House Correspondents dinner [editorandpublisher.com] that he had a copyright on the term the "no fact zone".
He said, "I give people the truth, unfiltered by rational argument. I call it the No Fact Zone. Fox News, I own the copyright on that term." He has another pretty funny fake news show, a spin off from the Daily Show.