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We know that the US government has set up certain guidelines under “Fair use” laws.. Could you please explicate those dos and donts stipulated in the name of “Fair use” laws? Does the law specify the number of phrases, and lines which can be safely lifted and will not be entitled to copyright issue?
What % of the work is used matters--and so one line of an 8-line poem might not be fair use, while one line of a 2,000 word article would be.
How you use the work matters too. An academic article might be able to use a lengthy quotation, if properly acknowledged, while a for-profit web site would only be able to use less.
You need to read up on fair use and attempt to understand the principles as they apply to your specific situation, not try to get a checklist from people here. There is no short cut. Go to resources like that on the US Copyright Office web site or the one maintained by Stanford to begin your reading.
One is that you should be contacting the copyright holder for permission to use the material. People who have less than honorable motives don't like this because they are pretty certain the owner won't grant permission for what they want to do.
If you contact the owner and don't get a response, you should make sure you save the email you sent to use in your defense later if necessary.
The other principle is that you should not copy so much material that the reader has no reason to visit the original source. In other words, you should whet the reader's appetite and then send the reader to the original which properly honors the original author's efforts.
If just those two principles were followed, 90% of the copyright theft on the web would be eliminated. But people who want to take other people's content instead of creating their own don't want to know about the above, they just want someone to tell them what they want to hear.