With Chrome for Mobile (most recent app, has been updated) (on my Android phone, Kit Kat)...
The images on my website's pages only show as broken links (The image's space displays that "broken image" logo.)
However, when you utilize the browser's "open image" option, the image displays just fine (so there's nothing wrong with the URL).
After viewing the image, when you return to the original web page, the viewed image is displayed.
It has to do with the use of relative paths. I have a very few images on my webpages that use absolute paths and they always display just fine.
For what it's worth, I notice the problem on both website pages served by Drupal and plain old static html pages.
I don't find this problem with any other browser, including Chrome desktop.
I'd love to think that this is a Chrome issue, but I have yet to come across another website where the images don't display.