LifeinAsia - 10:46 pm on May 27, 2009 (gmt 0) [edited by: LifeinAsia at 10:59 pm (utc) on May 27, 2009]
Assuming the car is airtight, if the velocity of the train is constant, it should hit the bulls eye. If you drop it while the train is accelerating or decelerating, it should miss the mark (how much and how far depends on the rate of acceleration/deceleration and air pressure inside the car). (This is similar to the example under Newton's first law found here [en.wikipedia.org].)
then things dropped from any great height would always land a little west of straight down as the earth turned during the fall, wouldn't they?
No, because the object would be have "turned" the same amount.
[edited by: LifeinAsia at 10:59 pm (utc) on May 27, 2009]