mirrornl - 8:06 pm on May 28, 2013 (gmt 0)
no, you cannot ask if there is a manual penalty.
in other words, you have to ask for a reconsideration, (and if it is a real reconsideration request,you have to motivate it as much as possible, and than you should read into/about it first.)
Than you wait for a standard answer (which can take from 5 days upto several weks), which will be "no manual action was found against your site" or "you site is still violating our guidelines"
Than you have your answer if there is a manual penalty or not