I do see what I think you're seeing, and I'm in the US. Every page comes through a Google Android URL and the page is stripped down and missing certain features. Every link goes to another Android url, too.
I think the best advice comes from suratmedia above, because the kind of treatment your site is getting is common in the mobile world. Them little computers just can't handle a full-blow website.
So either create a mobile version or block them, if that's your choice. You'll probably get more mileage out of playing the game, however. And since you're already getting mobile traffic, I'd say go for it - it's an opportunity.