tedster - 11:09 pm on Feb 7, 2010 (gmt 0)
Some pages get indexed within minutes - and some get crawled but never make it into the index at all. It depends on many factors, mostly around the overall strength and authority of the site involved.
In addition to checking for an exact phrase, you can also type the url of the page directly in the search box and see if you get a result of not. Sometimes a URL is sort of "partially" indexed - that is, you can find it only by the most top-level searches (such as its URL) but the internal content does not get retrieved.