ergophobe - 4:28 pm on Aug 13, 2008 (gmt 0) (from Joomla! Developer [developer.joomla.org])
A little more info
A flaw in the reset token validation mechanism allows for non-validating tokens to be forged. This will allow an unauthenticated, unauthorized user to reset the password of the first enabled user (lowest id). Typically, this is an administrator user. Note, that changing the first users username may lessen the impact of this exploit (since the person who changed the password does not know the login associated with the new password). However, the only way to completely rectify the issue is to upgrade to 1.5.6 (or patch the /components/com_user/models/reset.php file).
(from Joomla! Developer [developer.joomla.org])