Woz - 6:59 am on Nov 6, 2001 (gmt 0) Commonly confused words affect / effect assure / ensure / insure become / get borrow / lend Also confused with loan, the actual thing or sum of money lent. bring / take / fetch chance / opportunity economic / economical fit / suit for / since happen / occur hire / rent if / when infer / imply journey / travel lie / lie / lay / lay look / watch personal / personnel raise / rise say / tell Onya
looking through my notes ---
affect (verb) - when a person or a thing, does something that brings a change.
effect (noun) - the actual result of the change.
assure (verb) - to promise or try to persuade someone that something is true.
ensure (verb) - to make sure that something happens.
insure (verb) - money you pay so that if something bad happens, you get a sum of money back.
become (verb) and get both mean to change over time.
Get also means to obtain whereas become does not.
borrow (verb) - when you ask someone to give you something for a period of time.
lend (verb) - when someone gives you something (for a period of time).
bring (verb) - to personally convey something from there to here.
take (verb) - to personally something convey from here to there.
fetch (verb) - to go from here to there, and then personally convey something back here.
chance (noun) - something that might or might not happen.
opportunity (noun) - a situation where something good can happen.
economic (adj) - to describe the noun 'economy'.
economical (adj) - to describe something that saves you money.
fit (verb) - to be the right size.
suit (verb) - to look good on someone.
for - to show the period of time that something has continued (use with all tenses).
since - to show that something started at a point in time (such as a date) and has continued up to now (used with present perfect and past perfect tenses).
happen (verb) - when something takes place, especially if it's unplanned.
occur (verb) - when you suddenly think of something.
hire (verb) - to pay for something so that you can borrow it for a short time.
rent (verb) - to pay for something that you want to borrow for a longer time, usually property.
Also, we hire people, but never rent them!
if - introduces a possibility.
when - introduces a certainty.
infer (verb) - to think something is true, based on someone else's information.
imply (verb) - to suggest something, without saying it directly.
implication (noun) - something not said directly, also the resultand situationor position of an action or verbage.
implicit (adj) especially for criticism or threat - something that is not said directly.
journey (noun) - a particular occasion spent moving, especially if it takes a long time, or is far away, or if it happens regularly.
travel (uncountable noun) - a general word for moving.
lie (verb) - to recline (past tense is 'lay', present participle is 'lying').
- to say something which isn't true (past tense = lied)
lay (verb) - to put something down (past tense is laid, present participle is 'laying').
- what birds, reptiles, insects and only two mammals do with eggs.
look (verb) - to see something.
watch (verb) - to pay attention to something.
personal (adj) - something which relates only to you.
- something which you do not want to tell other people.
personnel (uncountable noun) - the people who work in a company.
raise (verb) - to make something higher, ie, outside intervention.
rise (verb) - when something gets higher on its own.
say (verb) - to communicate words to someone.
tell (verb) - to pass on information.
Commonly confused words
affect / effect
assure / ensure / insure
become / get
borrow / lend
Also confused with loan, the actual thing or sum of money lent.
bring / take / fetch
chance / opportunity
economic / economical
fit / suit
for / since
happen / occur
hire / rent
if / when
infer / imply
journey / travel
lie / lie / lay / lay
look / watch
personal / personnel
raise / rise
say / tell