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weight based selection
randomly select following trend of url
phparion




msg:3688419
 12:17 pm on Jul 2, 2008 (gmt 0)

Hi

i have a table where i store URLs with their ration to appear e.g

example1.com (50%)
example2.com (30%)
example3.com (50%)
example4.com (40%)

Now I want to make a code which can select randomly the URLs based on the intensity/ratio/trend value of it. for example in above sample data the example1.com has biggest trend to be selected randomly, example2.com has the lowest trend value so it should appear the least in random selections. it is done on many PPC systems.

thank you

 

vincevincevince




msg:3688428
 12:29 pm on Jul 2, 2008 (gmt 0)

Add up all the 'percentages' (SUM()) function in MySQL. Now, take that maximum number (170% in your example) and pick a random number in that range:
$pick=rand(0,170);

Finally, add up the row weights cumulatively until you go past $pick... (e.g. $pic = 70)

start .......... = 0
example1.com +50%=50
example2.com +30%=80 << stop here, 80>70 = example2.com
example3.com +50%=130
example4.com +40%=170

phparion




msg:3688442
 12:49 pm on Jul 2, 2008 (gmt 0)

hmm, I am working on it and will let you know.

[should i use ASC or DESC while selecting frequencies of urls from table before using cumulative formula?]

vincevincevince




msg:3688457
 1:18 pm on Jul 2, 2008 (gmt 0)

It doesn't matter actually! You instinctively think it does... but it doesn't.

$dh="SELECT `site`,`percentage` FROM `table`";
while ($r=mysql_fetch_row($dh))
{
$cumulative+=$r[1];
if ($cumulative>$pick) {print "Use $r[0]";break;}
}

Scally_Ally




msg:3688465
 1:26 pm on Jul 2, 2008 (gmt 0)

maybe something like:

$runTot = 0;
$ret = array();
$i=0;
while($row = mysql_fetch_assoc($result)){

$ret[$i]["min"] = $runTot;
$ret[$i]["site"] = $row["site"];

$runTot += $row["ration"];
$i++;

}

$pick = random(0, $runTot);
for($i=count($ret); $i>0; $i--){
if($ret[$i]["min"] < $pick){
echo $ret[$i]["site"];
exit;
}
}

This is really crude i know and i havent tested it, but you see where i am going with it.

Ally

[edited by: Scally_Ally at 1:27 pm (utc) on July 2, 2008]

vincevincevince




msg:3688469
 1:31 pm on Jul 2, 2008 (gmt 0)

Looks about right to me :) Good luck with it.

phparion




msg:3689157
 4:53 am on Jul 3, 2008 (gmt 0)


thank you very much,

Just a second thought if we can achieve this php functionality with this mysql query?

SELECT site FROM table ORDER BY ratio * RAND() DESC

vincevincevince




msg:3689168
 5:16 am on Jul 3, 2008 (gmt 0)

Unfortunately, that won't do the cumulative bit. You could preset all the cumulative values into another column and do it with a single select.

s_mk




msg:3751130
 1:16 pm on Sep 24, 2008 (gmt 0)

ok, tried to throw a link to a great article about just this, but I guess it's not an authoritative source (...?), so I'll just post the piece of relevent code here.

This algorithm is a bit more efficient then most ways to do random selections from an array with weight because it doesn't rely on creating an auxillary array with a position of each of the weights. Its elegant and simple.

You only have to turn the weights into a percentage of the total weight, and then pass the array into the following function:


*function w_rand($weights) {
* $r = mt_rand(1,1000);
* $offset = 0;
* foreach ($weights as $k => $w) {
** $offset += $w*1000;
** if ($r <= $offset) return $k;
* }
*}

Hope this helps someone.

_greg

PM me for a link to the article if you want.

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