I would like to optimize a website for its geographic location. In order to do this, I think I should preface certain home-page keyphrases with the name of the city. (i.e. put the name of the city in front of the keyphrases.) Is this necessary if the name of the city is in the Location Meta tag?
If yes, I'm wondering if I should repeat this practice throughout the website for better effectiveness, or would this be unnecessary?
I would also like to know what the purpose of the Distribution Meta tag is.
Whether or not you need to put the city name in the domain may come down to the volume of the competition. In the past I have got high geo rankings purely by ensuring that the name of the town or city was somewhere on the page. This was for smaller towns. For example it will be easier to do this for "White Plains widgets" than it will for "New York widgets".
The distribution meta tag is used to set the distribution of your web page (global, local or internal use only) but it is not normally used. Best forget about it.