Unfortunately, the answer is, "it depends." Pantone was created to match colors outside the CMYK color gamut. That is, there are certain colors that cannot be printed using cyan, magenta, yellow, and black, so special inks are mixed with whites and blacks to obtain those colors. For example, a pantone red might contain pigments made of different minerals than magenta or yellow to obtain a certain shade of red.
The same is true across all media. RGB, photographic prints, CMYK, and Pantone all have their own color gamuts. The best choice is to choose a color that will match across all color gamuts. If you can find one that matches all gamuts, the answer would be yes.
The way you would do this is not by assessing what you see on your monitor - you would look at the digital values of the color in RGB/CMYK, making sure there's no gamut warnings, designated by the triangle with an exclamation point.
I'm not sure how you'd reverse-engineer this process to apply to photographic prints, my experience goes in the opposite direction - reading a color value from a print and matching it to pantone, CMYK, or RGB values by the numbers.