Educated guess -- no. Redirects are not links, and it takes Google an extra step of calculation (often with a delay of weeks) to pass PR and backlink influence through a 301 redirect to a new target url.
I've always taken the Page Rank paper at face value -- a link is a link. That is, a link is an html anchor tag (not sure about a link element right now). Not a redirect, not a src attribute, not a meta refresh target url. Just an anchor tag href attribute.