 bitwise left shift differing results 32bit vs 64bit 
Nuttzy99
msg:1274713  10:03 am on Jun 28, 2006 (gmt 0)  My dev environment is WinXP (32 bit) running PHP 4.3.10. Running this simple compand.... echo (192<<24) ; ...yields a value of 1073741824 which is what I want since that's what most browsers running javascript will yield. My production/staging environment is a 64bit AMD Opteron on FreeBSD running PHP 5.0.4. For the same command it yields a value of 3221225472. I'm guessing it has to do with the 64bit system. Can anyone tell me how to get my server to match 32bit systems for this result? I really don't know much about bitwise left shift, but I'm trying to get TEA encryption going. Thanks, Nuttzy

Nuttzy99
msg:1274714  12:31 pm on Jun 28, 2006 (gmt 0)  While writing my post I think I figured it out... define('BIT32_MAX_SIGNED', 2147483648) ; // this is 2 to 31st power (need one bit for sign) //$val = 3221225472 ; $val = (192<<24) ; echo $val . "<br/>" ; if ($val > BIT32_MAX_SIGNED) { $val = BIT32_MAX_SIGNED  $val ; } echo $val . "<br/>" ; ...basically a 32bit system won't exceed BIT32_MAX_SIGNED, so if we do, then we know it's a 64bit system and need to adjust. I'll probably need to do the same thing in my javascript encrypt function in case there are any 64bit browsers out there. I'm still having problem with my TEA encryption in one case, so I might not have it entirely solved yet. Nuttzy

Nuttzy99
msg:1274715  1:25 pm on Jun 28, 2006 (gmt 0)  Blah, when val is.... $val = (192<<24) ; ...it doesn't normalize to the same results as my 32bit system. I have no idea why. If someone better versed in this stuff has the answer, I'll be happy to learn it. However, for my needs, I think if I just set my javascript to use unsigned shift (<<<) then I won't have a problem on my 64bit production system. My 32bit system is just for development and I can work around it. Cookie for anyone that solves this ;) Nuttzy

Nuttzy99
msg:1274716  2:24 pm on Jun 28, 2006 (gmt 0)  Sorry for all the replies. I made a bad typo in my previous message. It should read... Blah, when val is.... $val = (152<<24) ...makes a BIG difference ;) Nuttzy

rizal_a
msg:3154938  9:32 am on Nov 13, 2006 (gmt 0)  System: The following 2 messages were spliced on to this thread from: http://www.webmasterworld.com/php/3154936.htm [webmasterworld.com] by coopster  9:30 am on Nov. 14, 2006 (utc 6)
This is regarding Nuttzy99's posts on June 28 2006. The following function will do a 32bit left shift: function _32bitleftshift($number, $steps) { $result = 0; if (strlen(decbin($number)) + $steps <= 31) { $result = $number << $steps; } else { // shift left $binary = decbin($number).str_repeat("0", $steps); // get the last 32 digits $binary = substr($binary, strlen($binary)  32); // is the leftmost digit 1, i.e., is it a negative number? if ($binary{0} == "1") { // get the last 31 digits $binary = substr($binary, strlen($binary)  31); // get the 1's complement $binary_1s_complement = ""; for ($i = 0; $i <= 30; $i++) { $binary_1s_complement .= ($binary{$i} == "0"? "1" : "0"); } // get the 2's complement $binary_2s_complement = decbin(bindec($binary_1s_complement) + 1); $result = 1 * bindec($binary_2s_complement); } else { $result = bindec($binary); } } return $result; }

rizal_a
msg:3155703  11:55 pm on Nov 13, 2006 (gmt 0)  Whoops ... there's actually a much faster way to find out the 2's complement of any number, which is (pow(2, n)  N) where n is the number of bits and N is the number for which to find out its 2's complement. Therefore: function leftshift32($number, $steps) { $binary = decbin($number).str_repeat("0", $steps); $binary = str_pad($binary, 32, "0", STR_PAD_LEFT); $binary = substr($binary, strlen($binary)  32); if ($binary{0} == "1") { return (pow(2, 31)  bindec(substr($binary, 1))); } else { return bindec($binary); } }


